Weinheim: A Charming City at the Baden BergstraÃe
Weinheim is a medium-sized city in the northwest of Baden-WÃ¼rttemberg, Germany. It is located about 18 km north of Heidelberg and about 15 km northeast of Mannheim on the Baden BergstraÃe, a scenic route along the western edge of the Odenwald forest. Weinheim is the largest city of the Rhein-Neckar district and has been a major Kreisstadt (county seat) since 1956. It is also part of the European metropolitan region Rhein-Neckar, a densely populated and economically dynamic area that spans three federal states and four countries.
Weinheim is known for its two landmarks, the ruins of Windeck castle and the Wachenburg castle, which earned it the nickname “Zwei-Burgen-Stadt” (two-castle city). The city has a long and rich history that dates back to the Roman times and was influenced by various rulers and events, such as the Kurpfalz (Electorate of the Palatinate), the Thirty Years’ War, the French Revolution, and the Industrial Revolution. Weinheim has preserved its historic charm with its old town center, its market square, and its half-timbered houses. It also boasts a diverse cultural and natural landscape, with museums, music festivals, parks, gardens, and forests.
Some Highlights of Weinheim
The Marktplatz (market square) is the heart of Weinheim’s old town. It is surrounded by beautiful buildings from different eras, such as the Altes Rathaus (old town hall), the Rotes Haus (red house), and the Schlosskirche (castle church). The square hosts various events throughout the year, such as the Weinheimer Herbst (autumn festival), the Weinheimer Weihnachtsmarkt (Christmas market), and the Weinheimer Sommertagszug (summer day parade).
The Burg Windeck (Windeck castle) is a medieval fortress that was built in the 12th century on top of a hill overlooking Weinheim. It was once the residence of the lords of Windeck, who ruled over Weinheim and its surroundings until 1308. The castle was destroyed several times by wars and fires, but some parts of it have been restored and are open to visitors. From the castle, one can enjoy a panoramic view of Weinheim and the Rhine valley.
The Wachenburg (Wachenburg castle) is a neo-Romanesque castle that was built in the early 20th century on another hill near Weinheim. It was commissioned by a fraternity of German students who wanted to create a monument for German culture and unity. The castle features a tower, a chapel, a banquet hall, and a museum. It also hosts events such as concerts, weddings, and medieval markets.
The RÃ¶merbrÃ¼cke (Roman bridge) is a stone arch bridge that crosses the Weschnitz river near Weinheim. It was built in the 2nd century AD by the Romans as part of their road network in Germania Superior. The bridge is one of the oldest and best-preserved Roman bridges in Germany. It has a span of 5.8 meters and a height of 3.6 meters.
The Schlosspark (castle park) is a large green area that surrounds Weinheim’s Schloss (castle), which was built in the 18th century as a residence for Count Johann Wilhelm von Wiser. The park was designed in an English style with lawns, ponds, fountains, statues, and exotic plants. It also contains a rose garden, an orangery, a palm house, and a bird house.
The Exotenwald (exotic forest) is a unique arboretum that was established in 1872 by Count von Wiser. He planted over 200 species of trees from all over the world in an area of 60 hectares. Some of the trees are over 100 years old and reach heights of up to 40 meters. The forest offers a variety of trails for hiking and biking.
Weinheim is a city that combines history, culture, nature, and modernity.