Mycosis is a general term for any infection caused by fungi. Fungi are organisms that can grow on living or dead organic matter. They can affect different parts of the body, such as the skin, nails, hair, mouth, lungs, sinuses, or internal organs.
Mycosis can be classified into superficial, cutaneous, subcutaneous, or systemic depending on the depth and extent of the infection. Some common types of mycosis are:
Athlete’s foot: A fungal infection of the skin between the toes that causes itching, burning, scaling, and cracking.
Ringworm: A fungal infection of the skin that causes red, scaly, circular patches that may be itchy or painful.
Jock itch: A fungal infection of the groin area that causes itching, irritation, and rash.
Nail fungus: A fungal infection of the nails that causes them to become thickened, discolored, brittle, or crumbly.
Oral thrush: A fungal infection of the mouth that causes white patches on the tongue, cheeks, or throat that may be sore or bleed.
Vaginal yeast infection: A fungal infection of the vagina that causes itching, burning, discharge, and odor.
Aspergillosis: A fungal infection of the lungs or sinuses that causes coughing, wheezing, chest pain, fever, or headache.
Candidiasis: A fungal infection of the blood or internal organs that causes fever, chills, fatigue, weight loss, or organ failure.
Cryptococcosis: A fungal infection of the brain or spinal cord that causes headache, nausea, vomiting, confusion, or seizures.
Histoplasmosis: A fungal infection of the lungs or other organs that causes fever, cough, chest pain, shortness of breath, or night sweats.
The causes of mycosis vary depending on the type and location of the infection. Some common factors that increase the risk of mycosis are:
Weak immune system: People with conditions that weaken their immune system such as HIV/AIDS, cancer, diabetes, organ transplant, or steroid use are more prone to develop mycosis.
Exposure to fungi: People who live or work in places where fungi are present such as farms, gardens, forests, caves, or hospitals are more likely to get infected by inhaling or touching fungal spores.
Moisture and warmth: Fungi thrive in moist and warm environments such as showers, locker rooms, pools, or sweaty clothing. These conditions can create a favorable environment for fungal growth on the skin or nails.
Injury or trauma: Fungi can enter the body through cuts, wounds, burns, insect bites,
or surgical sites and cause infection in deeper tissues or organs.
Antibiotics: Antibiotics can kill beneficial bacteria that normally prevent fungal overgrowth in the body. This can lead to an imbalance in the natural flora and allow fungi to multiply and cause infection.
The symptoms of mycosis depend on the type and severity of the infection. Some common symptoms are:
Rash: A red, scaly, itchy, or painful rash on the affected area of the skin or nails.
Discharge: A white, yellowish,
or greenish discharge from the affected area of the mouth,
Odor: A foul-smelling odor from the affected area of the skin,
Pain: A throbbing,
or stabbing pain in the affected area of the skin,
Swelling: A swelling,
or lump in the affected area of the skin,