Russia is the largest country in the world by area, spanning 11 time zones and covering more than one-eighth of the Earth’s inhabited land area. It is also one of the most diverse and dynamic countries in the world, with a rich history, culture, and natural beauty. Whether you are interested in exploring its ancient cities, majestic mountains, vast forests, or modern metropolises, Russia has something for everyone.
In this article, we will give you an overview of some of the most popular and attractive destinations in Russia, as well as some tips on how to plan your trip and make the most of your visit. We will also discuss some of the challenges and opportunities that Russia faces in the 21st century, and how it is shaping its role in the global arena.
Moscow: The Heart of Russia
No visit to Russia is complete without spending some time in Moscow, the capital and the largest city of the country. Moscow is a vibrant and cosmopolitan city that combines centuries-old traditions with modern innovations. It is home to some of the most iconic landmarks in Russia, such as the Kremlin, Red Square, St. Basil’s Cathedral, and the Bolshoi Theatre. It is also a cultural and artistic hub, with numerous museums, galleries, theatres, and festivals. Moscow is also a great place to experience the nightlife, shopping, and cuisine of Russia.
Some of the best things to do in Moscow include:
Visiting the Kremlin, the seat of power and the symbol of Russia. You can admire its architecture, explore its museums, and see the treasures of the Russian tsars.
Walking around Red Square, the most famous square in Russia and a UNESCO World Heritage Site. You can see the Lenin’s Mausoleum, the State Historical Museum, and the GUM department store.
Marveling at St. Basil’s Cathedral, one of the most recognizable buildings in the world. Its colorful onion domes and intricate patterns are a masterpiece of Russian art.
Watching a performance at the Bolshoi Theatre, one of the oldest and most prestigious theatres in the world. You can enjoy ballet, opera, or drama in a magnificent setting.
Exploring the Moscow Metro, one of the most beautiful and efficient subway systems in the world. Many of its stations are decorated with mosaics, sculptures, chandeliers, and paintings.
St. Petersburg: The Venice of the North
If Moscow is the heart of Russia, then St. Petersburg is its soul. St. Petersburg is the second-largest city in Russia and the former capital of the Russian Empire. It was founded by Peter the Great in 1703 as a window to Europe and a showcase of his modernization efforts. Today, it is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and one of the most elegant and romantic cities in the world. It is famous for its canals, bridges, palaces, cathedrals, and museums.
Some of the best things to do in St. Petersburg include:
Visiting the Hermitage Museum, one of the largest and oldest museums in the world. It occupies six buildings along the Neva River, including the Winter Palace. It has over 3 million items on display, ranging from ancient artifacts to modern art.
Touring the Peterhof Palace, one of the most impressive royal residences in Europe. It was built by Peter the Great as a rival to Versailles. It has stunning gardens, fountains, statues, and pavilions.
Admiring the Church of the Savior on Spilled Blood, one of